HEKİMOĞLU ALİ PAŞA MOSQUE
HEKİMOĞLU ALİ PAŞA
Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha lived between 1689-1758. He was the son of convert Nuh Efendi, who worked as the chief physician during the reign of Mustafa II and Ahmet III. Because of his father's profession Ali Pasha was called “Hekimoğlu” (Son of Physician). His mother is lady Safiye.
Ali Pasha was trained well in a good neighborhood. He gained much in a short time with the skills and talents he displayed during his youth. As a result of his high success, he becomes the grand vizier twice during the reign of Mahmut I and once during the reign of Osman III and these grand vizier posts lasted for a total of five years and four days. He was among the grand viziers defending the reformist thought that awoke as the Ottoman begun to learn about the West during the period of Damat İbrahim Pasha. Ali Pasha is also a powerful poet with the pseudonym “âlî”.
Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha traveled all throughout the empire due to his political career. He has a külliye in Istanbul and in Tabriz. Other than the famous külliye in Istanbul, Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha has constructed fountains, waterways, water scales, a mosque, a tekke and placed mimber in some mosques.
These include the Kabataş Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha square fountain, the fountain on the wall of the Çemberlitaş Atik Ali Paşa Cami and the fountain in Kadıköy. He constructed waterways to bring water to the fountains at Davut Paşa and Koca Mustafa Paşa. He constructed two mosques, which have not survived. He constructed the Hekimoğlu Ali Paşa Mosque in 1734, during his office as grand vizier that corresponded to the fourth reign year of Mahmud I.
HEKİMOĞLU ALİ PAŞA KÜLLİYE (SOCIAL COMPLEX)
Together with its peripheral library, mausoleum, fountain and zawiyah, Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha Mosque is the final work of the classical Ottoman architecture. Ali Pasha külliye is significant not only in terms of architecture, but also in terms of fine arts. The poems on the doors of the külliye are mostly from Vehbî, Poet Hıfzî, Poet Nevres, Ref’ı, Mehmet, Poet Münif, Ragıp Mehmet Pasha and Şeyhülislam (Shayk Al-Islam) İshak Efendi, who are the contemporaries of Nedim. Grand calligraphists have written the inscriptions including Cihangirli Mustafa.
Hekimoğlu is not only a mosque, but a community hosting many wonders. When proceeding towards Hekimoğlu Ali Pasha, one is first attracted by the delicate and graceful minarets. Then the splendor of the dome that rest on the cloud open before you and the engravings that resemble a bouquet of flowers and the fountain greet you. Continuing further with the fountain on the left, we arrive at the library.
The excellence of the integrity and the structure of the külliye greets us. It was repaired many times since its construction, but never lost its nobility.
The külliye has an interesting library. The library was constructed on the gate of the mosque, intended as a passage covered with a tunnel vault. With stairs headed in the direction of the yard of the tunnel vault passage, the library opens to a space with porticco and covered with cavetto vault and is an illuminated space again covered with cavetto vault. Book shelves characteristic of the age are located in the center. Shelves across the windows must have also been used for this purpose. Among the increasing number of libraries constructed by viziers since the 17th century, it is one of the most beautifully designed structured in Istanbul with its location on the mosque entrance and large open gallery composition. Constructing libraries rather than madrasahs can be accepted as an indication reflecting the changing trends of social culture of the age.